The mosquito-born virus, Zika, is a member of the Flaviviridae virus family and the flavivirus genus. In humans, it causes a disease known as “zika”, “Zika disease” or Zika fever. The fever and virus are named after the Ugandan forest where the virus was first isolated.
Although Zika is normally not life threatening, Zika has been linked to serious birth defects including an epidemic of microcephaly in Brazil.
Zika has also now been identified in Panama, Venezuela, Suriname, Paraguay, Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Columbia, and Chile. In Brazil, 1761 cases of microcephaly have been reported and believed to be linked to the spread of Zika. 19 children in Brazil have died from the disorder. The first known Zika case reported occurred in Chili in 2014.
Microcephaly in infants, is a condition in which a baby’s head is smaller than that of other babies of the same age and gender. This condition may be present when the baby is born, or it may develop in the first two years of life. Microcephaly is often (but not always) congenital, meaning it is already present at birth. Other times, a child is born with a normal brain and skull, but then the brain fails to develop properly during infancy. Life expectancy for individuals with microcephaly is reduced and the prognosis for normal brain function is poor. The prognosis varies depending on the presence of associated abnormalities. Currently there is no cure.
According to the Center for Disease Control, the culprit behind Zika is the Aedesmosquito. There are no known cases of Zika fever currently in the United States, but the Aedes mosquito have a range that covers much of the southeastern United States.
Original News Report- News4Sharing————————————–
New Updates January 28, 2016